The four most prominent stars in the night sky, and ancient Egypt's
four most venerated stars are: the three stars of Orion's Belt and
Sirius, the brightest star in the sky.
For the Egyptians, Orion was Osiris, and Sirius was Isis, his wife,
sister, and virgin mother of their divine son Horus.
On the winter solstice, the sunrise has reached its southerly most
position on the horizon, at which point its movement on the horizon
changes direction and starts its journey back towards the north.
The Egyptians celebrated this day as 'the birth of the sun', being
the start of the new solar year. It is marked visually when the
three stars of Orion's Belt align with Sirius and the winter
solstice sunrise position on the horizon; which was, if we lay our
calendar over theirs, on the 25th of December!
astrological event can still be viewed today on the winter solstice
at the moment the four stars align, just after Sirius has broken the
At that point in time,
all four stars will be pointing to the position on the horizon where
the sun will rise that morning.
centuries this astrological concept has been plagiarised, morphed
and woven into many religions; the latest of these being Roman
Catholic Christianity circa 325 CE (325 AD).
Osiris, Isis and their
divine son Horus 'the winter solstice sunrise' has become: "The
three kings, the star of the east, and the birth of the son of God".
Were the early
Christian Emperors, who followed Constantine, aware of these
astrological ties; and if so, did it concern them?
Theodosius II who reigned
between 408 and 450 CE
Edict 313: “All astrologers
are to be expelled and exiled, unless they burn their books in the
presence of a Bishop and convert to Christianity.”